Mizuho Yabushita's A Study on Catalytic Conversion of Non-Food Biomass into PDF

By Mizuho Yabushita

ISBN-10: 9811003319

ISBN-13: 9789811003318

ISBN-10: 9811003327

ISBN-13: 9789811003325

The subject of this thesis is catalytic conversion of non-food, considerable, and renewable biomass similar to cellulose and chitin to chemical substances. In biorefinery, chemical transformation of polymers to helpful compounds has attracted around the world curiosity for construction sustainable societies. First, the present state of affairs of this sizzling examine region has been summarized good within the basic advent of the thesis, which is helping readers to get to grips with this subject. subsequent, the writer explains high-yielding creation of glucose from cellulose by utilizing an alkali-activated carbon as a catalyst, leading to a yield of glucose as excessive as 88%, that is one of many optimum yields ever mentioned. The characterization of carbon fabrics has indicated that vulnerable acid websites at the catalyst advertise the response, that's markedly varied from pronounced catalytic structures that require powerful acids. additionally, the 1st catalytic transformation of chitin with retention of N-acetyl teams has been built. the combo of mechanocatalytic hydrolysis and thermal solvolysis permits the creation of N-acetylated monomers in stable yields of as much as 70%. The catalytic platforms confirmed during this thesis are designated within the fields of either chemistry and chemical engineering, and their excessive efficiencies can give a contribution to eco-friendly and sustainable chemistry sooner or later. in the meantime, mechanistic experiences in response to characterization, thermodynamics, kinetics, and version reactions have additionally been played to bare the jobs of catalysts in the course of the reactions. the implications may be valuable for readers to layout and improve new catalysts and response systems.

Show description

Read or Download A Study on Catalytic Conversion of Non-Food Biomass into Chemicals: Fusion of Chemical Sciences and Engineering PDF

Best industrial & technical books

Download PDF by John D. Vienna, Dane R. Spearing: Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in

In modern global of more and more stringent environmental laws, it's severe to spot and properly handle environmental concerns within the ceramic to make sure good fortune. furthermore, ceramics and glasses play a severe function within the nuclear undefined. Nuclear fuels and waste varieties for low-level and high-level radioactive, combined, and dangerous wastes are basically both ceramic of glass.

Paolo Fornasiero, Mauro Graziani's Renewable resources and renewable energy : a global PDF

As strength calls for proceed to surge world wide, the necessity for effective and environmentally impartial strength construction turns into more and more obvious. In its first variation, this booklet offered a well-rounded standpoint at the improvement of bio-based feedstocks, biodegradable plastics, hydrogen power, gasoline cells, and different features with regards to renewable assets and sustainable strength construction.

Extra resources for A Study on Catalytic Conversion of Non-Food Biomass into Chemicals: Fusion of Chemical Sciences and Engineering

Example text

Prepared sulfonated carbon (denoted as AC–SO3H) by boiling commercial activated carbon (AC) in concentrated H2SO4, and AC–SO3H produced glucose in 41 % yield at 423 K for 24 h (entry 18) [138, 139]. After 18 1 General Introduction exposing AC–SO3H to reaction conditions without cellulose, they performed hydrolysis of cellulose again using the filtrate as a solvent without adding any solid catalysts; as a result, glucose yield was as low as that of a blank reaction without catalyst. 2 % of sulfonic groups in the catalyst) was detected in the filtrate [37].

Kobayashi H, Yokoyama H, Feng B, Fukuoka A (2015) Dehydration of sorbitol to isosorbide over H-beta zeolites with high Si/Al ratios. Green Chem 17(5):2732–2735 86. Otomo R, Yokoi T, Tatsumi T (2015) Synthesis of isosorbide from sorbitol in water over high-silica aluminosilicate zeolites. Appl Catal A Gen 505:28–35 87. Morita Y, Furusato S, Takagaki A, Hayashi S, Kikuchi R, Oyama ST (2014) Intercalation-controlled cyclodehydration of sorbitol in water over layered-niobium-molybdate solid acid. ChemSusChem 7(3):748–752 88.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 69(6):627–642 56. Sun Y, Cheng J (2002) Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials for ethanol production: a review. Bioresour Technol 83(1):1–11 57. Zhao G, Zheng M, Zhang J, Wang A, Zhang T (2013) Catalytic conversion of concentrated glucose to ethylene glycol with semicontinuous reaction system. Ind Eng Chem Res 52 (28):9566–9572 58. Matsumoto K, Kobayashi H, Ikeda K, Komanoya T, Fukuoka A, Taguchi S (2011) Chemo-microbial conversion of cellulose into polyhydroxybutyrate through ruthenium-catalyzed hydrolysis of cellulose into glucose.

Download PDF sample

A Study on Catalytic Conversion of Non-Food Biomass into Chemicals: Fusion of Chemical Sciences and Engineering by Mizuho Yabushita

by Michael

Rated 4.83 of 5 – based on 41 votes

Categories: Industrial Technical