By Erode G. Mahadevan
The publication describes the technological know-how and know-how of formula and production of non-nitroglycerine explosives with ammonium nitrate because the major factor. in keeping with the author's event of greater than thirty years, it offers an unprecedented remedy of 1 of the commercially most vital periods of explosives and accordingly stimulates extra learn and improvement efforts within the box of explosives for civil applications.Content:
Chapter 1 type of Explosives (pages 1–3):
Chapter 2 Explosive technological know-how (pages 5–14):
Chapter three Ammonium Nitrate Explosives (pages 15–30):
Chapter four Ammonium Nitrate and AN/FO (pages 31–58):
Chapter five Slurries and Water Gels (pages 59–112):
Chapter 6 Emulsion Explosives (pages 113–155):
Chapter 7 examine and improvement (pages 157–162):
Chapter eight practical security in the course of Manufacture of AN Explosives (pages 163–177):
Chapter nine Economics of AN?Based Explosives (pages 179–193):
Chapter 10 present prestige and Concluding feedback (pages 195–197):
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Additional resources for Ammonium Nitrate Explosives for Civil Applications: Slurries, Emulsions and Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oils
Discharge from a double-cone blender is easier than horizontal blender. Other steps in the process leading to ﬁnished packages are the same as mentioned earlier. Nauta mixers are also used which are very efﬁcient. My experience is that there are greater chances of ﬁnes being produced by this method. 2 Continuous Process Currently the most preferred method of making AN/FO is by a continuous process using screw conveyors. Right from unloaded AN prills to storage or bagging the material is continuously ﬂowing inside screw conveyors.
Extent of compression of the copper cylinder is a measure of the detonation pressure exerted on it by the explosive. The detonation pressure as we have seen earlier is dependent on the velocity of detonation. This test gives fairly reproducible results and can be used if correlation between VOD and detonation pressure needs to be obtained . 8 Plate Dent Test This test is a modiﬁcation of the cylinder test and is a measure of brisance or shattering strength of the explosive, which is again proportional to detonation pressure.
In normal storage, one introduces variability as conditions of temperature change from season to season and country to country. The accelerated storage test is used mainly to compare the gel and emulsion stability of these types of explosives especially when new formulations using new thickeners, cross-linking agents, emulsiﬁers are used. A hot storage temperature of 60 ◦ C (140◦ F) is selected as it is known that in many parts of the world magazines in summer especially when they are closed reach this temperature daily for 2–3 months in a year.
Ammonium Nitrate Explosives for Civil Applications: Slurries, Emulsions and Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oils by Erode G. Mahadevan
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