Read e-book online Ancient Models of Mind: Studies in Human and Divine PDF

By Andrea Nightingale, David Sedley

ISBN-10: 0521113555

ISBN-13: 9780521113557

How does god imagine? How, preferably, does a human brain functionality? needs to a spot stay among those paradigms of rationality? Such questions exercised the best historical philosophers, together with these featured during this publication: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics and Plotinus. This quantity contains a sequence of reports through major students, revisiting key moments of old philosophy and highlighting the topic of human and divine rationality in either ethical and cognitive psychology. the amount is a tribute to A.A. lengthy, and displays a number of topics of his personal paintings.

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Extra resources for Ancient Models of Mind: Studies in Human and Divine Rationality

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Second, he feels affection for his fellow citizens (ˆsp†zomai, d) and acts toward them in the capacity of a father or older brother (b). Of course, we cannot tell from the outside whether or not a person is a eudaimonist; rather, if we listen to what they say about why they performed certain actions, we can get a sense of how viable the ascription of eudaimonism is to them. As I said at the outset, Socrates claims that he continues in the philosophical life because of his service to the god, because he sees his activity as making others more virtuous and therefore happy, because he cares for his fellow citizens, and because he strongly desires to discover the truth for its own sake.

In Republic , Socrates offers another account of aporia in his discussion of the education of the philosopher-kings. As he claims, “some of our sensory experiences do not provoke the mind toward inquiry, since the senses judge them adequately, whereas others invite the mind to inquire because the senses offer nothing that can be trusted” (a–b). For example, sensory perception can convey to the soul that something is both hard and soft; in this case, “the soul experiences aporia” since it cannot understand how the same thing can be both hard and soft (a).

But it is the philosopher living on earth who chooses to turn away from the human and terrestrial world and use his reason to contemplate the Forms. Plato suggests that the philosopher’s soul can “remember” his former abode even as he gazes on the Forms: When he recalls (ˆnamimnhsk»menon) his first habitation and the “wisdom” there and the fellow-inmates that he formerly (t»te) lived with, wouldn’t he consider himself happy in his transformation (t v metabol v), and pity those others? (c) At this moment, although his mind is contemplating the Forms, the philosopher is aware of the transformation he has gone through.

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Ancient Models of Mind: Studies in Human and Divine Rationality by Andrea Nightingale, David Sedley


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